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Wireville.com

Issue: October 2004
By: Frank Bisbee


Datacom/Telecom Glossary
In This Issue

Bits N' Pieces

Bisbee's Buzz

September 30, 2004

COMMUNICATIONS - FLORIDA STYLE
The Electrical Contractor in the Southeast has added a whole new set of acronyms to the industry's insider language. We are now using new terms like: NOAA, NWS, GPS, & FEMA. We are also measuring performance on the wind speed in Category 1 through 5. I hope they don't ever have a Category 6 or Category 7. The new lingo is not English or Spanish. It's Hurricane. This year has brought a parade of deadly destructive storms that is worse than we can remember, and it's not over.

Before the meteorologists can show us the next storm to add to the onslaught, the recovery process must begin. We spoke to numerous contractors who are members of the National Electrical Contractors Association (NECA). They have already geared up to provide top quality recovery services for the electrical and communications infrastructure in the affected areas.

Forecasting where the storms will go and what affects their course is a challenge. The meteorologist work 24/7 to accurately predict the path and provide us the critical information and warnings. Everybody has a theory on the storm track. However, the damage (in the billions of dollars) left behind is real, not theory. The recovery and rebuilding job is an awesome task. www.neca.org

The parade of names is frightening. We will always remember names like: Bonnie, Charley, Frances, Ivan, and Jeanne. The mean season is not over yet.

Thank goodness, we have other names to remember, like NECA.

But that´s just my opinion,

Frank Bisbee

2005 XML SYMPOSIUM PREPARES HVAC INDUSTRY FOR IT CONVERGENCE

September 15, 2004

The Continental Automated Buildings Association (CABA) and Clasma, Inc., announced today plans for the second annual XML Symposium to be held February 9, 2005, in conjunction with the world's largest HVAC/R event, AHR Expo at the Orange County Convention Center in Orlando, FL.

In a non-technical, high-level manner, the 2005 XML Symposium will communicate to the HVAC community the significant role XML and Web Services continue to play in this industry. As the industry witnesses further evidence of IT convergence, these technologies have become the most vital enabling technology for the future of integrated and intelligent buildings. XML and Web Services technologies are primarily utilized in the IT industry as well as many other industry groups that desire to leverage the Internet as a connectivity and automation vehicle.

Further goals of the day-long XML Symposium are for attendees to understand how these technologies are driving new types of standards (data as opposed to network), and they are enabling cooperation between disparate approaches to open systems, an issue the HVAC/R industry has battled with for over a decade. Symposium attendees will also hear status updates on XML initiatives including oBIX/OASIS, gain knowledge on specifying projects with XML and Web Services, and leave with a reasonable expectation level of the adoption speed of XML and Web Services, particularly in the HVAC community.

"XML and Web Services continue to emerge as the foremost technology on the path to whole building integration," Ron Zimmer, CABA President & CEO, said. "IT convergence is truly upon us and to remain competitive in the HVAC market, it is imperative to understand the impact of XML and how it can bridge the enormous hurdles this industry has battled for many years."

Just as important as what the XML Symposium is, is what it is not. The XML Symposium is neither a training session, a debate on how to implement the technology, nor will it communicate that XML is a replacement technology for BACnet or LonMark.

"The XML Symposium will speak directly to all members of the HVAC community and will address the unique challenges this industry will face when implementing these new technologies," Anto Budiardjo, Clasma president and CEO, said. "It is targeted to all capacities in the industries including integrators, contractors, consultants and end users, all the players who must realize that XML and Web Services are potentially the ultimate integration mechanism for buildings and enterprises."

The second annual XML Symposium is brought to the industry by two leading organizations working towards tomorrow's intelligent buildings: CABA, the association bringing together stakeholders in the home and building automation industry, and Clasma, Inc., an event organizer, marketing and public relations company focused on emerging technologies for building systems.

About CABA
CABA is the only industry association to offer industry intelligence to stakeholders in all areas of home & building automation. CABA's resources cover areas such as HVAC, lighting, security, A/V, communications technologies, energy management and controls. A number of resources are available through the association including iHomes & Buildings magazine, CABA's Summits and Conferences, CABA's monthly eBulletin, Information Series reports, Event Reports and the CABA Web site. http://www.caba.org

About Clasma, Inc.
Clasma, Inc. is a Dallas-based marketing, conference and media company providing services for the building systems and device connectivity industries. Clasma, Inc. is made up of marketing, technical and communication professionals who have between them decades of industry experience in product development and marketing. Clasma works with a vast network of associates around the world to provide its valuable services to the building systems industry. http://www.clasma.com

ACUTA's Conference and Seminar Planning Guide

September 15, 2004

Greetings from ACUTA, the Association for Communications Technology Professionals in Higher Education

ACUTA's Conference and Seminar Planning Guide is now available electronically to assist you in planning your attendance at ACUTA's educational events in 2005. The planning guide includes the following:
* Dates and locations of all events
* Descriptions of all seminar topics
* Deadlines for presentation proposals, early registrations, hotel cutoffs, and host applications
* ACUTA Board, Committee Chair, and staff contact information

All the details plus color photos of our meeting destinations are available as a PDF at: http://www.acuta.org/relation/downloadfile.cfm?docnum=970

You will need Acrobat Reader to download the PDF document. If you do not have Acrobat Reader installed, you can download it for free at: http://www.adobe.com/products/acrobat/readstep.html

If you have trouble opening the document, try turning off your pop-up blocking software. If you have additional questions, please contact Lori Dodson at the ACUTA office at (859) 278-3338, or by e-mail at ldodson@acuta.org, and we will fax or mail you a copy.

The planning guide will remain available from the ACUTA website through October 2005. You may choose to print it for easy reference or just click on the link when you need information about an ACUTA event.

As we consider such topics as What's New in Telecom Technologies?, Planning for a Converged Campus, Supporting Student Use of Technology, and more, we hope to see you in San Antonio, Philadelphia, Kissimmee, and Denver in 2005!

Belden CDT to Close Plants, Offices, Cutting More Than 500 Jobs

September 10, 2004

ST. LOUIS (AP) -- Belden CDT Inc. will close manufacturing plants and consolidate several offices, costing more than 500 workers their jobs, the company said Friday.
The announcement is part of a restructuring by the St. Louis-based maker of high-speed electronic cables and other connectivity products to save about $25 million annually.
Belden CDT was formed through a July merger of Belden Inc. and Cable Design Technologies Corp. The company had about 6,000 employees before the cuts and pro forma sales of $1.1 billion in 2003, spokeswoman Dee Johnson said.
By early next year, the company plans to close its roughly 100-employee Montrose cable operation in Auburn, Mass and fold its small, 12-worker Barcel subsidiary in Irvine, Calif., into other operations. Other Belden operations in Irvine will continue.
Meanwhile, Belden CDT intends to close a plant in England, affecting about 220 workers. Some of the work will be transferred to other European sites.
Belden CDT said it also expects to stop making some products at its Netherlands plant, and the company will realign operations at other facilities, resulting in another 150 to 200 manufacturing job losses over the next several quarters.
Those actions will include completion of the closing of an office in Schaumburg, Ill.; a reduction of salaried work force in Richmond, Ind., headquarters for Belden CDT's electronics division; consolidation of sales offices in Asia; and moving a small distribution center to Shanghai from Hong Kong.
The company said its earnings for the quarter ending Sept. 30 will be affected by an after-tax charge of about $11.5 million.
On Aug. 11, Belden CDT announced plans to close its plant in Essex Junction, Vt., which makes electronic cable for high-temperature environments, by early next year. About 150 people will lose their jobs. The company also announced at that time plans to consolidate a distribution center in Manchester, Conn., with other facilities.
Belden shares fell a penny to close at $20.64 Friday on the New York Stock Exchange. http://www.beldencdt.com

SMP Develops RTR Cabinet for National DOT Specifications

Swannanoa, NC - Superior Modular Products, a leading developer and manufacturer of high-speed cross-connect products for communication networks, today announced the development of a new 1U-rack mount fiber optic cabinet that has been written in to the National DOT specifications and has been implemented by the DOT of Houston.
In response to requests for solutions for overpopulated traffic control PODS by the DOT, SMP has engineered the new RTR rack mount cabinet to follow critical dimensions, high-density capabilities, and to include a patch/splice feature that meets all DOT specifications. The RTR12B cabinet is a 1U, 19" recessed rack mount cabinet that offers left and right rear cable entry and a removable top access panel. For applications requiring rear access, SMP offers the RTH12B cabinet with the same patch/splice features as the RTR cabinet. As always both are backed up with a 15-year warranty.

Celebrating our Fifteenth Anniversary, Superior Modular Products remains committed to the design and development of copper and fiber optic connecting hardware components for commercial and residential network cabling solutions. For further information regarding SMP, the RTR/RTH cabinets or any other products that SMP offers, please contact our Customer Service Department (800-880-7674) to be properly directed.

Superior Modular Products, headquartered in Swannanoa, North Carolina, is internationally recognized for its role in establishing the world's data/communications standards, through its innovative-patented technologies. It is a leading developer and manufacturer of high-speed cross-connect products for communication networks worldwide. The company is a wholly owned subsidiary of Preformed Line Products (PLPC) of Cleveland, Ohio.

http://www.smpdata.com/smp/

Cabling Standards Welcome to the September 15th, 2004 Issue of the Cabling Standards UPDATE!

Here are some highlights of what's inside for you:

1. LAN Cabling Standards
    Fiber Optic Connector Article by Jim Hayes

Jim is introducing a new idea….why not have a "standardized" fiber connector instead of having to accommodate all the connectors out there for test equipment? He said that over the past 20 years, Fotec had made about 85 different connectors! Look at his concept drawing…tell the FOA what you think.

TIA's TR 42 Plenary reports that tells you just what standards/actions were approved and those that were deferred.

Standards Available as of June, 2004 is a comprehensive list of our industry's (TIA, IEEE, NEMA, ICEA and NFPA) standards that are available for purchase today.

2. For the Designer/Installer+
    Questions and Answers
An added and important answer/concern to last issue's "Concerns" column

Know Your Colors
A contribution from Frank Bisbee about cable and jacket color codes.

3. Security News
    NFPA 731 Security System Installation Standard

Take an early peek at some mandatory requirements for this brand new standard for installing security systems.

4. Keeping Informed
    Latest News on the Web - our recurring up-to-the-minute industry hot links, as of this issue, provided by Joe Salimando

UPDATE: Home Network Installation Growth - Read up on the latest comments about growth in the Home Networking business www.cablingstandards.com

CANADIAN SUBSIDY DIRECTORY YEAR 2004 EDITION

PRESS RELEASE

Legal Deposit-National Library of Canada
ISBN 2-922870-05-7

The revised edition of the Canadian Subsidy Directory 2004 is now available.

The new edition is the most complete and affordable reference for anyone looking for financial support. It is deemed to be the perfect tool for new or existing businesses, individual ventures, foundations and associations.

This Publication contains more than 2600 direct and indirect financial subsidies, grants and loans offered by government departments and agencies, foundations, associations and organizations. In this new 2004 edition all programs are well described.

Available programs:

Federal (all provinces)........ 944 programs listed
Alberta....................... 281 programs listed
British Columbia............... 190 programs listed
Manitoba....................... 151 programs listed
New Brunswick.................. 119 programs listed
Newfoundland................... 106 programs listed
Nova Scotia.................... 106 programs listed
Ontario........................ 265 programs listed
Prince Edward Island........... 110 programs listed
Saskatchewan................... 234 programs listed
Yukon.......................... 65 programs listed

You can also view some sample pages:

Federal (all provinces): www.3223376.net/samples/federalsample.pdf
Alberta: www.3223376.net/samples/absample.pdf
British Columbia: www.3223376.net/samples/bcsample.pdf
Manitoba: www.3223376.net/samples/mbsample.pdf
New Brunswick: www.3223376.net/samples/nbsample.pdf
Newfoundland: www.3223376.net/samples/nflsample.pdf
Nova Scotia: www.3223376.net/samples/nssample.pdf
Ontario: www.3223376.net/samples/onsample.pdf
Prince Edward Island: www.3223376.net/samples/peisample.pdf
Saskatchewan: www.3223376.net/samples/sksample.pdf
Yukon: www.3223376.net/samples/yksample.pdf

Catch a Mike Holt Seminar and Meet Mike

If you are like many of Mike's Newsletter members, you have wanted to meet Mike personally and attend one of his amazing seminars. The 2005 Code will be out soon and you need to be sure you are ready for the new requirements.

Visit, http://www.mikeholt.com/seminar.php?id=seminarabout for a complete list of seminar dates and locations.

If you can't make one of Mike's seminars, you can obtain a Book, Video, DVD, or MP3 audio by visiting: http://www.mikeholt.com/products.php.

www.mikeholt.com

CommScope Files Patent Infringement Suit Against Ortronics

HICKORY, N.C., Sept. 14 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- CommScope, Inc. a world leader in cable and connectivity solutions, today announced that it has filed suit against Ortronics, Inc. in the United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina.
The suit asserts infringement of U.S. Patent No. 5,997,358, which is directed to electrical connectors that have improved crosstalk performance as a result of time-delayed multi-stage crosstalk compensation.
The remedies sought include an injunction barring further sale of certain Ortronics' Category 6 modular patch panels and Category 6 outlets (including at least the Clarity6 patch panels, Clarity6 TracJack outlets, and Clarity6 Series II outlet modules), as well as damages for past infringement and treble damages for willful infringement.
CommScope is a world leader in the design and manufacture of 'last mile' cable and connectivity solutions for communication networks. Through its SYSTIMAX® Solutions and Uniprise(TM) brands, CommScope is the global leader in structured cabling systems for business enterprise applications. CommScope is also the world's largest manufacturer of coaxial cable for Hybrid Fiber Coaxial (HFC) applications. Backed by strong research and development, CommScope combines technical expertise and proprietary technology with global manufacturing capability to provide customers with high-performance wired or wireless cabling solutions.
This press release includes forward-looking statements that are based on information currently available to management, management's beliefs, as well as on a number of assumptions concerning future events. Forward-looking statements are not a guarantee of performance and are subject to a number of uncertainties and other factors, which could cause the actual results to differ materially from those currently expected. For a more detailed description of the factors that could cause such a difference, please see CommScope's filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. In providing forward-looking statements, the company does not intend, and is not undertaking any obligation or duty, to update these statements as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
Visit CommScope at our Web Site -- http://www.commscope.com

EPA'S Enforcement and Compliance Update

Reward And Help Improve Your Compliance Assistance Centers!

The Centers are offering incentives to respond to the survey

http://www.assistancecneters.net or
http://www.assistancecenters.net/2004survey

The EPA-sponsored Compliance Assistance Centers (Centers) would like your input on their services and information. Your input is an integral part of each Center's evaluation process. Please take this opportunity to review the Center Web sites, request changes, and suggest improvements.
Input from these surveys is used each year to make improvements. Even if you have filled out a survey in the past, please do it again. A survey should take no more than 3 minutes to complete. Act now... the Centers are offering incentives to respond to the survey.

If you have never visited the Centers, take a few moments to review relevant Centers and complete their survey.

Thank you in advance for your assistance.

Access all Centers at
http://www.assistancecenters.net

Agriculture
http://www.epa.gov/agriculture

Auto Service & Repair
http://www.ccar-greenlink.org

Auto Recycling
http://www.ecarcenter.org

Border Center
http://www.bordercenter.org

Chemical Industry
http://www.chemalliance.org

Construction
http://www.cicacenter.org

Federal Facilities
http://www.epa.gov/fedsite

Local Government
http://www.lgean.org

Metal Finishing
http://www.nmfrc.org

Paints and Coatings
http://www.paintcenter.org

Printed Wiring Board
http://www.pwbrc.org

Printing
http://www.pneac.org

Transportation
http://www.transource.org

For more enforcement and compliance news and information, visit http://www.epa.gov/compliance/
------------------------------------------

For problems with this list, contact ocorelink-Owner@lists.epa.gov

EWG -Dupont's Settlement C8 Problem in Water, EPA is Next!

September 9, 2004

Statement by Environmental Working Group President Ken Cook on DuPont's Settlement of Potentially $342 Million with the People of Parkersburg, Marietta and Surrounding Communities

WASHINGTON - "DuPont wouldn't have settled for up to $342 million with the people of Parkersburg, Marietta and surrounding areas if company officials didn't think they were guilty of polluting local tap water and the people themselves.
DuPont's cover-up is costing the company far more than it planned ($45 million), and the company's legacy of polluting the entire world with a highly persistent toxic chemical will cost its reputation and bottom line far more in the future.
The residents who had the courage to stand up to a powerful corporate polluter deserve praise for getting a measure of justice and bringing out the truth. The most important thing now is that the 'independent panel' be truly independent of DuPont's reach."

RELATED LINKS
EWG analysis: DuPont Hid Teflon Pollution For Decades
The Environmental Working Group is a nonprofit research organization based in Washington, DC that uses the power of information to protect human health and the environment. Four years' worth of EWG research on Teflon chemicals and related substances is available at http://www.ewg.org/issues/PFCs/index.html.

Facility Fire Safety Seminar

NFPA Headquarters in Quincy, MA, and get the knowledge you need to protect your property and the lives of your employees. Days 1 & 2 cover Managing Fire & Life Safety. Days 3-5 cover Implementing Fire Safety.

www.nfpa.org or call 1-800-344-3555 and mention priority code H1-BAH-1Z.

FiberExpress Optical Fiber Systems

Belden IBDN FiberExpress optical fiber systems are complete end-to-end cabling solutions capable of supporting both centralized and fiber-to-the-desk topologies, as well as backbone and campus configurations. Cornerstone of the system is the FiberExpress Manager. Used in either the equipment or telecommunications room, it represents a scalable, modular approach to cable system design, installation, termination and maintenance. High-quality Optimax Field-Installable Connectors provide fast LC, SC or ST compatible optical cable termination. Another modular component, the FiberExpress Bar, is a compact, versatile and resilient linking panel that resembles a power bar. It is useful in consolidation points or as a multi-user telecommunications outlet assembly. www.BeldenIBDN.com

Fluke Networks Seminar

Network down! Fiber cable broken! Don't panic. With the OptiFiber Certifying OTDR, nearly anyone can pinpoint fiber cabling problems quickly and easily. And finding the problem is the first step in restoring your network. Attend our webcast to learn more about the role of an OTDR in fiber network certification and troubleshooting.

Learn how you can use an OTDR to:
· Precisely locate an optical fiber break
· Identify and find bad connections
· Measure the quality of a fiber link
· Certify that fiber cabling was correctly installed
· Document your cable plant
And with the right tool, it's easier than you think.

http://www.flukenetworks.com/us/default.htm

Getting you Ready for the 2005 NEC

By Mike Holt http://www.mikeholt.com/index.html?id=homegeneral

The National Electrical Code
The NEC is written for persons who understand electrical terms, theory, safety procedures, and electrical trade practices. These individuals include electricians, electrical contractors, electrical inspectors, electrical engineers, designers, and other qualified persons. The Code was not written to serve as an instructive or teaching manual for untrained individuals [90.1(C)].
Learning to use the NEC is somewhat like learning to play the game of chess; it's a great game if you enjoy mental warfare. You must first learn the names of the game pieces, how the pieces are placed on the board, and how each piece moves.
In the electrical world, this is equivalent to completing a comprehensive course on basic electrical theory, such as:

· What is electricity and how is it produced
· Dangers of electrical potential: fire, arc blast, arc fault and electric shock
· Direct current
· Series and parallel circuits
· Electrical formulas
· Alternating current
· Induction, motors, generators and transformers

Once you understand the fundamentals of the game of chess, you're ready to start playing the game. Unfortunately, at this point, all you can do is make crude moves, because you really do not understand how all this information works together. To play chess well, you will need to learn how to use your knowledge by working on subtle strategies before you can work your way up to the more intriguing and complicated moves.
Again, back to the electrical word, this is equivalent to completing a course on the basics of electrical theory. You have the foundation upon which to build, but now you need to take it to the next level, which you can do by reading this textbook and answering the Unit Questions.
CAUTION: Electrical work isn't a game, and it must be taken very seriously. Learning the basics of electricity, important terms and concepts, as well as the basic layout of the NEC gives you just enough knowledge to be dangerous. There are thousands of specific and unique applications of electrical installations, and the Code doesn't cover every one of them. To safely apply the NEC, you must understand the purpose of a rule and how it affects the safety aspects of the installation.

NEC Terms and Concepts: The NEC contains many technical terms, so it's crucial that Code users understand their meanings and their applications. If you do not understand a term used in a Code rule, it will be impossible to properly apply the NEC requirement. Be sure you understand that Article 100 defines the terms that apply to two or more Articles. For example, the term "Dwelling Unit" applies to many Articles. If you do not know what a Dwelling Unit is, how can you possibly apply the NEC requirements for it?
In addition, many Articles have terms that are unique for that specific Article. This means that the definitions of those terms are only applicable within that given Article. For example, Article 250 Grounding and Bonding has the definitions of a few terms that are only to be used within Article 250.
CAUTION: Electricians, engineers, and other trade-related professionals use slang terms or technical jargon that aren't shared by all. This makes it very difficult to communicate because not everybody understands the intent or application of those slang terms. So, where possible, be sure you always use the proper word, and do not use a word if you do not understand its definition and application. For example, lots of electricians use the term "pigtail" when describing the short conductor for the connection of a receptacle, switch, luminair, or equipment. Although they may understand it, not everyone does.

Small Words, Grammar, and Punctuation: It's not only the technical words that require close attention, because even the simplest of words can make a big difference to the intent of a rule. The word "or" can imply alternate choices for equipment wiring methods, while "and" can mean an additional requirement. Let's not forget about grammar and punctuation. The location of a comma "," can dramatically change the requirement of a rule.

NEC Style and Layout: Before we get into the details of the NEC, we need to take a few moments to understand its style and layout. Understanding the structure and writing style of the Code is very important before the Code can be used effectively. If you think about it, how can you use something if you do not know how it works? Okay, let's get started.

The National Electrical Code is organized into nine components.

· Table of Contents
· Chapters 1 through 9 (major categories)
· Articles 90 through 830 (individual subjects)
· Parts (divisions of an Article)
· Sections and Tables (Code requirements)
· Exceptions (Code permissions)
· Fine Print Notes (explanatory material)
· Index
· Annexes (information)

1. Table of Contents. The Table of Contents displays the layout of the Chapters, Articles, and Parts as well as the page numbers. It's an excellent resource and should be referred to periodically to observe the inter-relationship of the various Code components. When attempting to locate the rules for a particular situation, knowledgeable Code users often go first to the Table of Contents to find most quickly the specific Section that applies.


2. Chapters. There are nine Chapters, each of which is divided into Articles. The Chapters fall into one of four groupings: General Requirements (Chapters 1 - 4), Specific Requirements (Chapters 5-7), Communications Systems (Chapter 8), and Tables (Chapter 9).

· Chapter 1 General
· Chapter 2 Wiring and Protection
· Chapter 3 Wiring Methods and Materials
· Chapter 4 Equipment for General Use
· Chapter 5 Special Occupancies
· Chapter 6 Special Equipment
· Chapter 7 Special Conditions
· Chapter 8 Communications Systems (Telephone, Data, Satellite, and Cable TV)
· Chapter 9 Tables - Conductor and Raceway Specifications

3. Articles. The NEC contains approximately 140 Articles, each of which covers a specific subject. For example:

· Article 110 General Requirements
· Article 250 Grounding and Bonding
· Article 300 Wiring Methods
· Article 430 Motors, Motor Circuits, and Controllers
· Article 500 Hazardous (Classified) Locations, Classes I, II, and III
· Article 680 Swimming Pools
· Article 725 Remote-Control, Signaling, and Power-Limited Circuits
· Article 800 Communications Systems

4. Parts. Larger Articles are subdivided into Parts. For example, Article 110 has been divided into three parts:

· Part I. General (Sections 110.1 - 110.23)
· Part II. 600 Volts, Nominal, or Less (110.26 - 110.27)
· Part III. Over 600 Volts, Nominal (110.30 - 110.59)

CAUTION: Because the Parts of a Code Article aren't included in the Section numbers, we have a tendency to forget what "Part" the Code rule is relating to. For example, Table 110.34(A) contains the working space clearances for electrical equipment. If we aren't careful, we might think this table applies to all electrical installations, but Table 110.34(A) is located in Part III, which contains the requirements for Over 600 Volts, Nominal installations. The rules for working clearances for electrical equipment for systems rated 600V or less are contained in Table 110.26(A)(1), which is located in Part II. 600V, Nominal, or Less.

5. Sections and Tables.
Sections: Each Code rule is called a Code Section. A Code Section may be broken down into Subsections by letters in parentheses (A), (B), etc. Numbers in parentheses (1), (2), etc., may further break down a Subsection, and lower-case letters (a), (b), etc., further break the rule down to the third level. For example, the rule requiring all receptacles in a dwelling unit bathroom to be GFCI-protected is contained in Section 210.8(A)(1).
Section 210.8(A)(1) is located in Chapter 2, Article 210, Section 8, Subsection (A), Sub-subsection (1). Note: Many in the industry incorrectly use the term "Article" when referring to a Code Section. For example, they say "Article 210.8," when they should say "Section 210.8."
From this point on in the textbook, Section references will be referenced without using the word "Section." For example, "Section 250.118" will just be referred to as "250.118."
Tables: Many Code requirements are contained within Tables, which are lists of Code requirements placed in a systematic arrangement. The titles of the Tables are extremely important; they must be carefully read in order to understand the contents, applications, limitations, etc., of each Table in the Code. Many times notes are provided in a table; be sure to read them as well, since they are also part of the requirement. For example, Note 1 for Table 300.5 explains how to measure the cover when burying cables and raceways, and Note 5 explains what to do if solid rock is encountered.

6. Exceptions. Exceptions are Code requirements that provide an alternative method to a specific requirement. There are two types of exceptions - mandatory and permissive. When a rule has several exceptions, those exceptions with mandatory requirements are listed before the permissive exceptions.

Mandatory Exception: A mandatory exception uses the words "shall" or "shall not." The word "shall" in an exception means that if you're using the exception, you're required to do it in a particular way. The term "shall not" means it isn't permitted.
Permissive Exception: A permissive exception uses such words as "is permitted," which means that it's acceptable to do it in this way.

7. Fine Print Note (FPN). A Fine Print Note contains explanatory material intended to clarify a rule or give assistance, but it isn't a Code requirement.


8. Index. The Index contained in the NEC is excellent and is helpful to locate a specific rule.

9. Annexes. Annexes aren't a part of the NEC requirements, and are included in the NEC for informational purposes only.

· Annex A. Product Safety Standards
· Annex B. Application Information for Ampacity Calculation
· Annex C. Conduit and Tubing Fill Tables for Conductors and Fixture Wires of the Same Size
· Annex D. Examples
· Annex E. Types of Construction
· Annex F. Cross-Reference Tables (1999, 2002, and 2005 NEC)
· Annex G. Administration and Enforcement

Changes to the NEC since the previous edition are identified in the margins by a vertical line (|). However, rules that have been relocated aren't identified as a change and no identifier is shown at the location from which the Code rule was removed.

Customizing Your Code Book
One way to increase your comfort level with the Code is to customize it to meet your needs. You can do this by highlighting and underlining important Code requirements, and by attaching tabs to important pages.

Highlighting: As you read through this textbook and answer the questions in the workbook, be sure you highlight those requirements in the Code that are most important to you. Use yellow for general interest and blue for important requirements you want to find quickly. Be sure to highlight (in the same color) terms in the Index and Table of Contents as you use them.

Because of the size of the 2005 NEC, I recommend you highlight in green the Parts of Articles that are important for your applications, particularly:

· Article 230 Services
· Article 250 Grounding and Bonding
· Article 430 Motors, Motor Circuits, and Controllers

Underlining: Underline or circle key words and phrases in the NEC with a red pen (not a lead pencil) and use a 6-in. ruler to keep lines straight and neat. This is a very handy way to make important requirements stand out. A small 6-in. ruler also comes in handy for locating specific information in the many Code tables.

Tabbing the NEC: Placing tabs on important Code Articles, Sections and Tables will make it very easy to access important Code requirements. However, too many tabs will defeat the purpose.

Graybar and Panduit Introduce DOCU-MARK™
Cable Administration and Labeling Solution
Software helps ensure TIA/EIA-606-A standards compliance

ST. LOUIS, September 24, 2004 - Graybar and Panduit have announced the release of DOCU-MARK™ software, a new TIA/EIA-606-A compliant cable administration and labeling solution for Enterprise IT and installer professionals. It is the first joint effort that incorporates the standards expertise of both companies, the market knowledge of Graybar and the identification product leadership of Panduit. The DOCU-MARK solution is available exclusively through Graybar.

Graybar, a leading North American distributor of electrical, telecommunications and networking products, and an expert provider of related supply chain management and logistics services, realized that networking professionals needed a better way to comply with TIA/EIA- 606-A.

"We have been helping professionals install cabling systems that exceed the industry standards through our VIP Program which independently tests structured cabling solutions for performance every quarter," said Bob Weiland, Graybar commercial market and VIP program manager. "DOCU-MARK was a natural complement to the VIP solution. We wanted to work to our customers' advantage by offering them an easier way to manage their cabling infrastructures and ensure standards compliance."

"As a member of the TIA/EIA-606-A committee, Panduit recognizes the value and importance of a fully identified and documented infrastructure," said Chad Smith, Panduit Business Development Manager. "Our goal was to create a fully TIA/EIA-606-A compliant software tool to assist the user from start to finish in creating identifiers, labels and documentation."

TIA/EIA-606-A requires proper network identification, labeling and documentation. To simplify this process, DOCU-MARK software guides the user through a series of questions to gather necessary infrastructure information and automatically creates TIA/EIA-606-A compliant identifiers for horizontal links, backbones, firestops and grounding busbars. The user can send this identifier data to a database, hand-held printer or cable tester. EASY-MARKÔ labeling software is included to print component and cable marking labels from desktop laser or inkjet printers.

The DOCU-MARK report function allows complete documentation of all identifiers, test data and infrastructure history. Included are useful TIA/EIA-606-A tools and reference materials that explain the standard and how to identify each specific application.

About Panduit
PANDUIT is a global leader in wiring and communication products, delivering end-to-end solutions in support of demanding electrical and networking requirements. The PANDUIT solution is built on a foundation of quality and durability to ensure maximum reliability and performance. Continually focused on market needs, research and development enables PANDUIT to provide innovative products that meet today's applications and environments. This provides leading-edge solutions that allow businesses to move forward with their strategic objectives. www.panduit.com

About Graybar
Graybar, a Fortune 500 corporation and one of the largest employee-owned companies in North America, is a leader in the distribution of high quality electrical, telecommunications and networking products, and an expert provider of related supply chain management and logistics services. Through its network of 250 North American distribution facilities, it stocks and sells products from thousands of manufacturers, serving as the vital link to hundreds of thousands of customers. www.graybar.com

Mohawk Announces GigaLAN VoTP for High-Quality Video Broadcast Applications

Leominster, MA, September 16, 2004 Mohawk, a leading manufacturer of fiber optic and copper cable products, announces the release of GigaLAN VoTP (Video over Twisted Pair), an enhanced Category 6 cable for broadband video applications. Utilizing twisted pair technology, high-quality signals can be delivered with proven signal fidelity for current and evolving applications such as CATV, video conferencing, distance learning and security monitoring.
"A significant advantage of broadband video over twisted four-pairs is its capability of transmitting many channels simultaneously and with bi-directional transmission when given the option of using one or two pairs," states Greg Niemiera, RCDD, Manager of Technical Sales and Marketing for Mohawk. "With the new GigaLAN VoTP, broadband video can run up to 78 CATV channels and maintains a signal quality beyond 547 MHz, with an industry-leading sweep test frequency of 750 MHz."
"The most important parameter for broadband video applications is attenuation or signal loss. The lower the signal loss, the better the picture quality," explains Niemiera. "GigaLAN's enhanced Category 6 VoTP provides significantly improved attenuation, when compared to standard Category 6."

NAED ANNOUNCES 2004-2005 CONFERENCE & MEETING SCHEDULE

(ST. LOUIS, MO)...The National Association of Electrical Distributors (NAED) is releasing its 2004-2005 conference and meeting itinerary. As the gathering place of the entire electrical industry, the association encourages distributor members, manufacturers and their representatives, service providers, and other affiliate companies to participate in NAED meetings.

The 2004-2005 NAED Conference Schedule:

NAED Annual Meeting, May 14-18, 2005 (registration opens in January)-Held this year at the Marriott Copley Place in Boston, Mass., the Annual Meeting is the only time the entire industry comes together for the same event, connecting electrical distributors to the leaders of more than 225 electrical suppliers. The conference also provides peer networking groups and sessions on industry trends and issues. In addition, this year's meeting will feature a special closing event, the TED Magazine 40th Anniversary Gala, on Tuesday evening. More information on this celebration of dining and entertainment will be coming soon.
NAED Regional Conferences offer NAED members and affiliates an opportunity to network, share best practices, and attend education workshops within their region. This year's conferences feature the latest on industry hot topics: including a town hall meeting on lighting practices, an update on the progress of distributor and manufacturer SPA task forces, and an all-new interactive Opening General Session with audience response technology.
Furthermore, learn how to build more profitable customers and hear keynote presentations from some of the nation's top speakers.

Eastern Region Conference, Nov. 17-20, 2004 (registration currently open)-Held at the JW Marriott Grande Lakes in Orlando, Fla., this conference presents keynote speaker Jim Craig, former star goalie for the 1984 U.S. Olympic Hockey Team who was featured in the 2004 Disney movie, The Miracle. Craig will share how he and his teammates were transformed from a group of regular college students to Olympic heroes who inspired America during the height of the Cold War. Craig will impart upon his audience the timeless lessons of leadership, teamwork and unwavering determination in pursuit of a common goal.

Western Region Conference, Jan. 19-22, 2005 (registration opens in October) - Frank W. Abagnale, featured in the film, Catch Me If You Can, will be delivering the Western Region keynote address at the JW Marriott Desert Springs in Palm Desert, Calif. His wayward youth in the realm of international espionage not only caught the attention of Hollywood, but also the F.B.I. For the past 25 years, Abagnale has been a consultant for the F.B.I. He will give you the inside scoop on how to avoid forgery and embezzlement....and keep your business secure.

South Central Region Conference, Feb. 23-26, 2005 (registration opens in November) - Located at the JW Marriott Desert Springs in Palm Desert, Calif., this year's conference features successful business broker Christopher P. Gardner as the keynote presenter. Gardner's rags-to-riches story cannot help but inspire conference attendees with his resilience and courage in the midst of seemingly insurmountable obstacles. Moreover, Columbia Pictures is ready to take his story to the silver screen in an upcoming movie starring Will Smith.

NAED Niche Meetings are tailor-made for specific groups and individuals within the industry, regardless of their location. They feature roundtable discussions, best practices and problem-solving sessions.

Leadership Enhancement and Development (LEAD) Conference, July 27-31, 2005-Sponsored annually by NAED's Your Emerging Talent (YET) committee, this conference helps emerging leaders from across the country to build managerial skills, learn from industry leaders, and network with and learn from their peers. The 2005 gathering will be held at the Warwick Hotel in Denver, Colo.

North American Electrical Sales & Marketing Conference, August 2005-This meeting is designed to strengthen marketing and sales strategies and introduce the latest in research and development to the entire electrical industry. The meeting date will be announced soon.

NAED District Meetings are a brand new way for NAED members to connect with industry partners and peers. A more concentrated networking opportunity, a District Meeting allows local distributors and manufacturers alike to discuss the latest concerns, trends and issues facing electrical distribution with industry experts, government officials and NAED staff. Meeting dates will be announced soon.

NAED Marketing Area Meetings are local professional development opportunities designed to equip a wider range of NAED member and affiliate employees.
· Texas Annual Conference, Sept. 30 - Oct. 3, 2004
    Lakeway Inn Conference Resort, Austin, Texas
· Mid-Atlantic Coast Conference, Oct. 28 - 30, 2004
    Ballantyne Resort, Charlotte, N.C.
· Lake Michigan Club Holiday Party, Dec. 1, 2004
    Oak Brook Marriott, Oak Brook, Ill.
· Winter Conference, February 16 - 21, 2005
    Pan Pacific, Whistler, British Columbia
· Gulf Coast Conference, March 17 - 20, 2005
    Hilton Sandestin Beach & Golf Resort, Destin, Fla.
· Southern California Conference, April 8 - 10, 2005
    Rancho Las Palmas Marriott, Rancho Mirage, Calif.
· Lake Michigan Club Annual Conference, June 2004 (Dates TBA)
    Grand Geneva Resort & Spa, Lake Geneva, Wis.

For more information, contact the conference department at (888) 791-2512 or go to the "NAED Conferences" section of www.naed.org.

NAED is the trade association for the $70+ billion electrical distribution industry. Through networking, education, research, and benchmarking, NAED helps electrical distributors increase profitability and improve the channel. NAED's membership represents approximately 4,100 locations internationally.

NECA Commissioning Breaks New Ground

NECA 90-2004, Recommended Practice for Commissioning Building Electrical Systems (ANSI) is the latest National Electrical Installation Standards (NEIS)* from NECA. It also represents something of a new direction for the construction standards program, says the organization's executive director of standards and safety.
"Most other NEIS* are product-based," explains Brooke Stauffer. "We've published standards on how to install lighting and switchboards and transformers and cables and raceways, and so on. But NECA 90, our newest book, takes a broad 'horizontal' perspective across the entire electrical installation. It defines the process of commissioning building systems and provides guidelines for attaining optimum system performance that conforms to the designer's intent as represented by the plans, specifications, and industry codes and standards." NEIS* are the first performance workmanship standards for electrical construction, and are approved by the American National Standards Institute. ANSI-approved technical documents are generally regarded as being the "official" U.S. standard on any given subject. NECA 90-2004 is the 27th volume of the National Electrical Installation Standards series.
The new standard is priced is $15 for NECA-members, and quantity discounts available. Contact the NECA Order Desk at (301) 215-4504 tel, (301) 215-4500 fax. Provide your name, company, mailing address and NECA member number (where applicable). NECA 90 is also available in downloadable .PDF format; visit www.neca-neis.org and click on "Wiring Methods."

The National Electrical Contractors Association, founded in 1901, is the leading representative of a segment of the construction market comprised of over 70,000 electrical contracting firms. The industry employs over 650,000 electrical workers and produces an annual volume of over $95 billion. NECA includes 120 U.S. chapters in addition to others in countries around the world. The association sponsors the NECA Show, renowned as the industry's premiere event, which features cutting-edge technologies, highlights new trends, and provides courses to help contractors broaden their knowledge and skill. NECA is dedicated to enhancing the industry through continuing education, labor relations, current information and promotional activities. www.necanet.org

Silver Fox Debuts Plug'N'Play Thermal Printer for Fast and Durable Labeling

Silver Fox, a U.K.-based labeling company, unveiled their unique Plug'N'Play Thermal Printer Kit. Driven by the Labacus Innovator US Data Advanced Software, a multi-vendor software platform, this thermal printer creates high-quality, durable, low-cost cable labels at unbeatable speeds and reliability.

"Labeling is often the last thing an installer thinks about when completing a cable installation, but it is the first thing that a customer sees," notes Nick Michaelson, president of Silver Fox Ltd. "Therefore, we wanted to produce a small, robust and fast printer for the installer to use either offsite or on-site, so that he can produce larger volumes of durable cable labels in a fraction of the time, compared to the traditional manual or handheld systems. Yet, the difference in quality is unsurpassed, and impressive to the end user. This is a crucial element for promoting sensible administration capabilities for the entire network," he adds.

"The cable labels are generated through a highly advanced 32-bit software Windows® program that has been specially developed by us, from the ground up, using Delphi development tools," states Mike Phillips, vice president of sales and marketing, Silver Fox. "Because we are not constrained by the limitations of a proprietary database, we have the ability to quickly and easily, evolve and integrate new applications without the normal fundamental constraints of proprietary databases. As a result, our customers find the software program both intuitive and very easy-to-use," he adds.

The key to the unique Silver Fox labeling solution is the comprehensive Labacus Innovator US Data Advanced Software. This software has the capability of uploading information to produce a label build that perfectly fits the labeling types of the different OEM vendors. In addition, the software easily interfaces with the Fluke DSP4300 that enables users to prepare and print the cable labels, as well as upload the information automatically onto the tester. This saves installation time (and, therefore, money) to achieve total accuracy in a sensible cabling schematic from the closet to the port, while eliminating human error.

The Labacus Innovator US Data Advanced Software is not proprietary and, therefore, is constantly being updated to comply with the standards (TIA/EIA-606-A) as well as to the needs of the installer and the OEM vendors it supports.


More info on Silver Fox Debuts Plug 'N' Play Thermal Printer for Fast and Durable Labeling

The built-in "Help" module is fully context-sensitive, including photographs, screen dumps and tutorials, making it so comprehensive that it eliminates the need to further access a Help Desk facility.

The cable labels that can be printed using the new Silver Fox Plug'N'Play Thermal Printers are available in three types:

Thermal wrap-rounds - made from high-quality polyester with a high-grade adhesive.
Tie-on cable labels - made from durable polyester with a special no-rub print receptive surface.
Heat-shrink labels - that are applied with a lower -temperature shrink down than many other types. Their attributes also include an exceptionally durable print and the highest adhesive properties.

Up to 6 rolls of heat shrink labels can be printed at the same time, making short work of the label production cycle.

Silver Fox offers a unique free 30-day trial of the software. Once purchased, the software offers on-going web updates, available at the touch of a button. This facility means automatic functionality updates without the time and inconvenience of issuing and installing CD's. The Plug'N'Play Thermal Printer and the full range of thermal labels are readily available directly from the company's e-commerce shop at www.silfox.com/eshop.

Preformed Line Products Announces Quarterly Dividend

CLEVELAND, Sept. 20 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- The Board of Directors of Preformed Line Products (Nasdaq: PLPC - News) declared a regular quarterly dividend in the amount of $.20 per share on the Company's common shares, payable October 28, 2004 to shareholders of record at the close of business on October 1, 2004. http://www.preformed.com/index.html
Founded in 1947, Preformed Line Products is an international designer and manufacturer of products and systems employed in the construction and maintenance of overhead and underground networks for energy, communications and broadband network companies.
Preformed's world headquarters are in Cleveland, Ohio, and the Company operates three domestic manufacturing centers, located in Rogers, Arkansas, Albemarle, North Carolina, and Asheville, North Carolina. The Company serves its worldwide market through international operations in Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, England, Japan, Mexico, New Zealand, South Africa, Spain and Thailand.

Really Cool Product Offer

Mike Holt, Thanks for the opportunity to introduce our products to your electrical and electronics members through your newsletter.

The TechNote Time Watch Company (www.technotetime.com) carries a wide variety of wrist watches, desk clocks and wall clocks in either AC or DC theory which include Ohm's law, power formulas and a resistor color code chart.

Whether your members are new to electronics or electricity, an apprentice, journeyman, master/contractor, troubleshooter or engineer, our products are geared for them. For the guys in the field: no more fumbling for those hard-to-remember formulas - carry them on your wrist. Our watches also make a great study aid for students preparing for any electrical examinations - study any time!

Please visit our website and take a look at our products. As a courtesy to you, Mike, we would like to extend to your members a 25% discount when purchasing any of our DC or AC products through our online ordering system at www.technotetime.com. At checkout, please type: "Mike Holt" in the prompt field to get the discount. Most methods of payment accepted.

Thanks again to you, Mike, and to all Mike Holt members for this opportunity.
With high regards,

Jim and Anne Dorsey
TechNote Time Watch Company http://www.technotetime.com

Mike Holt's Comment: I really like TechNote Time Watch Company products and felt you might also, especially at 25% off!
P.S. Jim and Anne Dorsey are trying to get their small business off the ground and it's my pleasure to help them out.

SUPERIOR MODULAR PRODUCTS
LETTER FROM THE GENERAL MANAGER


September 20, 2004

In light of recent releases to the press regarding intellectual property disputes between other Data Communications companies, Bill Reynolds, General Manager of Superior Modular Products has made the following statement to SMP's valued customers, employees, and representatives.

"Due to the long history that Superior Modular Products (SMP) has in the Data Communications Industry, our own solid Intellectual Property base, our policy of obtaining Intellectual Property license when required and our completely USA based production facilities, the entire SMP product line is in full compliance with Intellectual Property laws."...Bill Reynolds, General Manager, Superior Modular Products

Celebrating our Fifteenth Anniversary, Superior Modular Products remains committed to the design and development of copper and fiber optic connecting hardware components for commercial and residential network cabling solutions. For further information regarding SMP, the products we offer, the markets we serve, or our position on intellectual property or other design issues, please contact our Customer Service Department (800-880-7674) to be properly directed.

Superior Modular Products, headquartered in Swannanoa, North Carolina, is internationally recognized for its role in establishing the world's data/communications standards, through its innovative-patented technologies. It is a leading developer and manufacturer of high-speed cross-connect products for communication networks worldwide. The company is a wholly owned subsidiary of Preformed Line Products (PLPC) of Cleveland, Ohio. www.smpdata.com

Wireless VoIP - The PDA Challenge

Being in contact with your associates and customers is often the key to success in today's hectic business world. Text messaging remains a popular mode of communicating, as is the ability to reach someone by cell phone while away from the desk. Another mode of communication that is increasing in popularity in the enterprise is "walkie-talkie" mode, the ability to instantly reach out to one or more team members for an ad hoc meeting. Complicating the requirement to support these modes of communication is the fact that many mobile workers also require a portable or handheld computer to access or update corporate information via software applications.

How does the modern mobile worker take advantage of these multiple modes of communication? Many companies have addressed the problem by equipping their associates with application-specific units, resulting in users appearing to have the fabled "Batman utility belt." A dedicated pager, phone, walkie-talkie and PDA will meet the requirements for communications and application productivity, but risk making it more difficult for the user, all while delivering higher CAPEX and OPEX expenditures.
So, what is the solution? One appealing option is the concept of a converged PDA device that will support all of these forms of communication. While it seems simple enough to envision such a converged device, there are specific challenges to delivering a device that meets the market's functional, cost, and ergonomic requirements.

PDA CHALLENGES
The primary requirement for many enterprise workers is access to software programs that support business applications, such as purchasing, receiving, inventory control, and customer relation management (CRM). Which application is being used typically dictates the basic form factor of the mobile unit. A converged solution could potentially include wireless LAN and WAN access, as well as support for audio input/output, but a single solution set may not fit all users' needs.

FORM FACTOR & ERGONOMICS
It is pretty easy to design a PDA with a microphone and speaker, but is that all it takes to support voice applications? A major consideration for a successful converged PDA is the usage model for the voice application. Typically, we find that there are three possible usage scenarios:
Handset - unit is held to the ear and used like a standard cell phone.
Headset - unit is capable of being connected to a headset with a microphone and headphone(s).

Speakerphone - hands-free usage. Some job duties require the use of a handset "phone," a lightweight unit where the unit is held to the ear like a cell phone. This is usually accomplished with a slim device that is used primarily for telephony service. Such a form factor requires attention to mechanical acoustics in the design of the unit to minimize internal echo between the speaker and microphone. In addition, there are regulations (e.g., HAC - Hearing Aid Compatible) that govern the design of such devices to accommodate users with hearing aides. Most commercial PDAs do not offer this mode of use or even optimized audio support, like advanced echo cancellation.
Almost universally, voice-enabled PDAs provide headset support. While affording virtually echo-free voice quality, there is often a problem with the fact that the headset is tethered to the PDA. This poses a problem in some markets, like healthcare, where the user also needs to have easy stethoscope access. This problem can (to some degree) be addressed by using cable-less (e.g., wireless) headsets that take advantage of technologies like Bluetooth.
For applications that require hands-free usage, the mobile unit must support a speakerphone. This design will allow a user to "listen" to audio traffic with the unit on their belt or can be used as a mobile conference phone when used in a full-duplex mode. Additional electro-mechanical design considerations must be made to support a push-to-talk (PTT) mode, such as providing a dedicated, external PTT key. A totally hands-free-only model with a speakerphone will have limited market appeal and could have a battery life (power management) problem.
What is learned from understanding these facts? No single form factor will address all the market requirements and some "shopping" will be necessary to find the right PDA that supports the correct feature set required.

NETWORK SERVICE ACCESS
How and what wireless technology is used to access the network is also a challenge. If wireless connectivity isn't already embedded in the device, many PDAs can be made "wireless" through the addition of a CompactFlash Wi-Fi card. While not a major hurdle, this approach requires site-specific configuration and on-going device configuration management. In addition, the most appealing wireless design is a dual-mode design. Conceptually, this is a device with both wide-area and local-area wireless radios built into the unit. With such a device, one can continuously use the PDA both indoors (WLAN) and outdoors (WAN). Such devices are coming to the market, but are initially going to have vendor-specific limitations. Early offerings also may not meet the conceptual expectations of a ubiquitous communication device.

SECURITY
Perhaps one of the biggest and most subtle problems with the PDA form factor is the challenge of security. These devices will support converged voice and data streams, and therefore, enforcement of security policies will be very important to the enterprise IT team. Because of the fact that the most rigorous wireless security schemes impose increased latency on network traffic, any voice application executing on these devices will be impacted with lower voice quality. Since real-time applications (telephony or streaming video) are highly sensitive to latency, selecting the optimal security policy will be a key factor in implementing a successful configuration. In the final analysis, when choosing a security policy, you must consider whether you want to enforce maximum security or optimize voice quality.

SOLUTION AVAILABILITY & COMPATIBILITY
An end-to-end, converged PDA solution requires components from multiple vendors - a PDA that supports the right hardware feature set, the right network access hardware (WLAN and/or WAN), the proper applications software, and network service provider. Putting all these pieces together in a coherent solution is a challenge and requires a thoughtful approach in understanding the market and spending some time evaluating the matrix of possible solution configuration options, as no single vendor provides the total solution. An elemental challenge often revolves around identifying a properly configured PDA and a software component that has been modified to take advantage of vendor-specific hardware features. This multi-vendor challenge makes it difficult to select best-of-breed components for the overall solution. Vendors must partner together to provide an "optimized" solution set, but such solution components are often marketed through different channels, which further complicates the task of defining a complete solution.

SUMMARY
It can be a challenge to define and deliver a wireless, converged PDA solution. Is it easy? No. Are their any universal solution sets? Not today. Being able to select and deploy the right configuration will depend upon defining a complete solution set that includes a PDA that offers support for required input/output options, software applications that are designed to accommodate the chosen hardware platform, and a network designed to provide the right access and performance characteristics.
What is the best advice regarding exploring options for converged PDA solutions? Be patient and evaluate products as they become available. Make sure you know what minimum feature set you need and make your decision based on the ability to meet minimum feature requirements, as well as a complete ROI analysis. Richard Watson is director of product management for LongBoard, Inc. He previously was director of telephony product marketing for Symbol Technologies' Wireless Systems Division in San Jose, CA, where he was responsible for marketing Symbol's NetVision family of WiFi Telephony products, managing its software engineering team and developing Symbol's WiFi Telephony products.

Anixter and CoVi Technologies Sign Distribution Agreement

GLENVIEW, Ill., and AUSTIN, Texas, Sept. 27 /PRNewswire/ -- Anixter Inc., the world's leading distributor of security and communication products, and CoVi Technologies, Inc., manufacturer of the award-winning EVQ-1000(TM) video surveillance camera, today announced that they have formed a partnership to distribute CoVi's line of high definition MultiView (TM) surveillance cameras to integrators throughout North America.

The EVQ-1000 can easily be installed within existing or new security environments, while the unique MultiView feature allows the camera to emulate up to four cameras from a single source image. Electronic PTZ functionality can also emulate traditional pan-tilt and zoom functions entirely within the HD camera providing significant cost savings.

"We are very excited to be able to bring the rich feature set of the CoVi EVQ-1000 to our customer base," explained Marc Abbagnaro, Vice President Marketing, Physical Security, and Anixter.

"Our EVQ-1000 provides the type of image clarity that makes positive identification and detailed transaction capture possible," said Barry Walker, President and CEO of CoVi Technologies. "Our distribution agreement with Anixter means that this innovative technology is now available to all levels of security integrators throughout North America"

The EVQ-1000 has already found application in Banking, Retail, and Federal Government environments. Because it utilizes an HD sensor offering a 33% wider field of view, and has up to three Zoom-Under-Pictures, one EVQ-1000 can often provide video surveillance that previously required two to four traditional cameras.

For further information on CoVi Technologies, Inc. call 866-292-5900 or visit http://www.covitechnologies.com. For further information on Anixter, call 800-264-9837 or visit http://www.anixter.com.

About CoVi Technologies, Inc.
CoVi Technologies Inc. (http://www.covitechnologies.com) is the technology leader in next generation video surveillance solutions. CoVi designs and manufactures HD quality video security products suitable for a wide range of environments. Created by veterans from the security, videoconferencing, storage, networking, broadcast, and streaming media industries, CoVi utilizes leading edge, standards based technologies to enable the industry's most powerful surveillance solutions. Our commitment: to provide Total Video Quality(TM) to our customers through superior products and solutions. CoVi Technologies, Inc. was founded in 2002 and is located in Austin, Texas.

About Anixter Inc.
Anixter Inc. is a leading distributor of communication products and a leading distributor of fasteners and other "C" Class inventory components to Original Equipment Manufacturers. The company adds value to the distribution process through its valued added service and logistics programs and by providing its customers access to 1) more than 185,000 products and approximately $500 million in inventory, 2) 125 warehouses with more than 4.4 million square feet of space, and 3) locations in 193 cities in 40 countries. Founded in 1957 and headquartered near Chicago, Anixter trades on The New York Stock Exchange under the symbol AXE. Additional information about Anixter is available on the Internet at http://www.anixter.com.

ERICO & Disaster preparedness

In the aftermath of the hurricanes' fury, numerous companies in the southern part of the U.S. are grateful for the open cabling systems that they installed. Cable support infrastructures such as the CADDY® CAT-CM and "J" Hooks from ERICO®, Inc. are designed to permit cable to be easily removed and updated. One of the benefits of an open cabling system is allowing companies devastated by Mother Nature's tempests to get back to business faster because the damaged cables simply have to be pulled and replaced. Even without a natural disaster, the cost of removing abandoned cable at the termination of a lease can be prohibitively expensive, but frequently is demanded by building owners. Another benefit of an open cable support infrastructure with non-continuous hooks is its resistance to 'alien crosstalk,' the nemesis of high-speed cabling. Runs in hooks and air make it nearly impossible to keep cable in the same physical relationship to each other or to an outside noise source, thus effectively decreasing alien crosstalk. www.erico.com

MINUTEMAN UPS LAUNCHES HOT NEW DC OUTPUT UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLY FOR MULTIMEDIA AND BROADBAND APPLICATIONS

New Product Offers Minuteman's Renowned Advanced Features, Enhanced Performance, Competitive Pricing

Dallas, Texas - September 24, 2004 - Executives with MINUTEMAN® UPS have announced a new high quality 12-volt DC Output Uninterruptible Power Supply, available to the public October 1st, 2004. This highly anticipated product provides comprehensive power protection in a unique, compact package for 12-volt DC powered devices used in the exploding residential and small business multimedia and broadband markets. The new product, the first in the PowerShield Series, will protect low-power demand applications like DSL modems, Cable Modems, Interfaces that support Fiber-To-The-Home, (FTTH), VoIP Interfaces, and Integrated Access Devices.

"The ParaShield 1224 is the most cost-effective, battery backup solution for devices utilizing the new multimedia/broadband technologies," said MINUTEMAN UPS Vice President of Sales and Marketing Rick Hunteman. "As residential and business communications turn away from the traditional POTS, (Plain Old Telephone Systems), the need to provide a battery backup device that can maintain power to these devices over the course of several hours is essential. Because products like Voice over DSL and Voice over IP can't draw their power from the network connection, an alternate power source must be used for emergency services and 911 needs during extended blackout situations. The ParaShield 1224 is the ideal solution for these situations."

The ParaShield 1224 provides a clean, stable 12-volt output signal that will protect connected equipment from utility AC blackouts, brownouts, spikes, and surges. In the event of an extended AC power failure, the ParaShield 1224 can supply backup battery power for several hours. In addition, it comes standard with an external battery pack port for connection to an external battery pack for longer backup times. It is compact enough to fit under a desk or on a shelf and even has a built-in wallmount capability.

With its seven-pin output connector, the unit can not only provide output power, but can also communicate internal power management information about its status such as: AC input, battery and unit condition.

MINUTEMAN UPS launches new ParaShield DC Series (2/2)

"As more and more companies invest in FTTH infrastructure, we expect the market for a 12-volt DC UPS to grow exponentially." added Hunteman. "The ability of MINUTEMAN UPS to react to the changing requirements of this market put us, and our customers, in a strategic advantage over the competition."

The ParaShield 1224 has an, industry-leading, three-year parts and labor warranty on all electronics and a two-year battery warranty. Properly connected equipment is protected for up to $25,000.00 by the MINUTEMAN Platinum Protection Plan®.

A full specification for the new product is available on the Web at www.minutemanups.com. The suggested retail price for the ParaShield 1224 is $69.00 and is available through all of MINUTEMAN's standard channels.

About MINUTEMAN UPS
MINUTEMAN UPS is a manufacturer of uninterruptible power supplies and related equipment and SentryII power monitoring and diagnostic software. Corporations worldwide depend on MINUTEMAN UPS to protect, manage, and control network systems, telecommunications equipment, retail POS systems, security systems, and sensitive electronic components. MINUTEMAN UPS products range from 325 VA to 10 kVA units and can be custom-configured. A free sizing tool is available at www.sizemyups.com to determine which MINUTEMAN UPS can best meet an application's power protection needs.

MINUTEMAN UPS was founded in 1982 as Para Systems, Inc. The company is a wholly-owned operating subsidiary of Components Corporation of America, a privately-held corporation. Additional information about MINUTEMAN UPS and its products is available at www.minutemanups.com.

GENERAL CABLE'S GENSPEED™ 6000 CATEGORY 6 CABLE NOW KICKED UP A NOTCH

HIGHLAND HEIGHTS, KENTUCKY, September 21, 2004 - General Cable Corporation's (NYSE: BGC) commitment to engineering and manufacturing excellence is behind the new characterized parameters designed into its GenSPEED 6000 Category 6 cable. The innovative design, which utilizes a tape separator, provides optimum electrical performance that exceeds TIA/EIA Category 6 standard. The improved GenSpeed 6000 cable provides increased protection against unwanted external noise sources otherwise known as crosstalk.

"GenSPEED 6000 is yet another example of General Cable's continued pursuit to engineer above and beyond the industry standards," said Asef Baddar, Applications Engineer for General Cable. "With Near-End Crosstalk (NEXT) and Equal Level Far-End Crosstalk (ELFEXT) values guaranteed at 1dB over industry standard, our customers are afforded greater assurance of outstanding overall cable balance. This is an exceptional value for more robust and complex applications at gigabit speed and full duplex transmissions."

At Positive Power-Sum ACR (PSACR) of up to 300 MHz, GenSPEED 6000 cable provides an allowance for future bandwidth and high-speed data requirements. All of this optimum performance continues to be designed within a smaller overall diameter for ease of installation. GenSPEED 6000 cable features product-specific packaging, the new Pull-Pac® II with wide-mouth payout and the existing Spool-Pac® Cartons with internal spools, for easy installation and identification. This product also features our Tru-Mark™ print legend with footage marking from 1000' to 0' to maximize the usage of all available material on site.

All GenSPEED cables are UL verified and meet or exceed TIA/EIA-568-B.2 standards. Independent third party testing further confirms the quality and performance of all GenSPEED enhanced cables.

General Cable (NYSE: BGC), headquartered in Highland Heights, Kentucky, is a leader in the development, design, manufacture, marketing and distribution of copper, aluminum and fiber optic wire and cable products for the energy, industrial, specialty and communications markets. The Company offers competitive strengths in such areas as breadth of product line, brand recognition, distribution and logistics, sales and service and operating efficiency.
Energy cables include low-, medium- and high-voltage power distribution and power transmission products. The Industrial and Specialty segment is comprised of application-specific cables for uses such as electrical power generation (traditional fuels, alternative and renewable sources, and distributed generation), the oil, gas and petrochemical industries, mining, industrial automation, marine, military and aerospace applications, power applications in the telecommunications industry, and other key industrial segments. Communications wire and cable products transmit low-voltage signals for voice, data, video and control applications. www.GeneralCable.com

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CALENDAR OF EVENTS

NFOEC (National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference)
September 12 - 18th, 2004
The Anaheim Convention Center
Anaheim, CA
www.nfoec.com

BICSI Training — Technician
Sept 13 - 17, 2004
ComNet Communications Training Center
Dallas, Texas
www.comnetcomm.com

CABLING SYSTEMS CONFERENCE & EXPO
Exhibits: September 22 - 24th, 2004
The Anaheim Convention Center
Anaheim, CA
cim.pennnet.com/Events/cim/cse2003/cim_cse03_general.cfm?Section=Events&Subsection=

Utility Purchasing Management Group (UPMG) 2004 Annual Conference
September 26 - 28th, 2004
The Fairmount Hotel, Chicago IL
www.upmg.com

2004 Annual IEC National Convention & Electric Expo
September 29th - October 2nd, 2004
Hyatt Regency
Minneapolis MN
www.ieci.org

Data Center World
October 3 - 6, 2004
Marriott Marquis Hotel
Atlanta, Georgia
http://www.afcom.com/afcomnew/index.asp

NECA
October 4 - 7, 2004
Las Vegas, NV
www.necashow.org

NECA 2004 Convention & Trade Show
October 16 - 19th, 2004
Los Angeles, CA
www.necanet.org

BICSI Training — Installer 2
Oct 18 - 22, 2004
ComNet Communications Training Center
Dallas, Texas
www.comnetcomm.com

REMEMBER TO RECYCLE, REDUCE AND REUSE

   
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